Cannazon: How does the Darknet work?


This section is only for your information. You do not need to know everything explained here to order on Cannazon. However, we recommend gaining some understanding of the technology you are using.

As you are reading this help, you are already using Tor to access the so-called Darknet. To answer the question what the Darknet is and how it works, let's start from the beginning.

When you access a website in the traditional way, you enter the address in the browser and all the information and files that are needed are requested from a server where the website is stored. On the way to the server and back to you, all the files are delivered on the direct way. However, some servers are between you and the destination server. During this process also your Internet Service Provider (ISP) takes part, as the ISP controls some parts of the infrastructure. And not only your ISP, but also some other parties are involved and may be able to intercept information from or to you. The following graphic illustrates this process.

Internet Service Provider (ISP)

The problem with this setup is that it is not anonymous as many parties are able to identify you, especially with the help of law enforcement.

We are in luck that there is Tor to solve this problem. So, what is Tor? Let's start with the following picture to understand the difference that Tor makes.

The Tor Network

As you can see in the picture above the connection from the Tor client is not established directly to the destination server. Between you and the server there are the so-called tor nodes. All communication over this Tor network is encrypted and your ISP and other parties are not able to know what content you are requesting. They do only know that you use the Tor network, but not what you are doing over it.

One benefit of the Tor network is that you are able to visit special websites called hidden services. With these, even the last part of the connection is done over the Tor network. These hidden services have the .onion ending.

This is a very basic explanation and many details are not mentioned here. If you are interested just start informing yourself about the Tor network. More information can be found on the official Tor website

In the previous section we explained all the technical basics about the Tor network. Most people are confused about what exactly the Darknet is. First, it is sometimes confused with the deep web, a term that refers to all parts of the internet which cannot be indexed by search engines and so can't be found through Google, Bing, Yahoo, and so forth.

The Darknet (or dark web) is a small part of the deep web. Its contents are not accessible through search engines, but it is something more: it is the anonymous internet. Within the darknet, both web surfers and website publishers are entirely anonymous.

You can find forums, informational websites, marketplaces like Cannazon and other websites on the Darknet.

As said before websites on the Darknet are hidden services also called onions. One typical thing about these hidden services is that they do not use any JavaScript at all. Learn here why: Information about JavaScript